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The fascination of game fishing is a combination of factors firstly the hunter that is inbred in us the challenge of outwitting our quarry / prey. There are days when Trout seem to take any fly that is offered to them, but for most they can be infuriating and with out the right imitation fly almost impossible to catch.  Part of the fun of trout fishing and the thing that has made it so popular is that trout will provide the angler with a good fight when hooked.


Flies
 
Dry Flies
 

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Dry flies are designed to float on the surface of the water, to achieve this most flies are tied using a buoyant material or materials that repel water. Dry flies vary in size and shape and imitate either an insect that hatches on or falls into the water, such as Mayflies, Stoneflies, Caddis Flies, Gnats and my favourite the Daddy Longlegs. Even larger flies can be made and catch, such as Beetles, Spiders, Grasshoppers etc, to name but a few.

Wet Flies

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Nymphs

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Nymphs and bugs are the subsurface equivalent to the Dry fly, and can be fished either mid water or along the bottom of the lake or river bed.  Most nymph patterns represent the larvae stage of an insect's life cycle. The majority of the Trout's diet is found amongst the weed beds and stones on the river / lake bed so for this reason a lot of the nymph patterns are weighted with either lead wire or small metal beads.

Lures

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Buzzers

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Buzzers imitate the larvae of the insect and is best inched slowly close to the lake / river bed

Droppers

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Droppers imitate the insect as it transforms from its larvae form into an adult and will be readily taken

The Species
 
Brown Trout

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Rainbow Trout

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Sea Trout

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Salmon

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Brook Trout

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Trout have keen eyesight and see up to twenty feet in the water. In addition, they also have a

wide range of view. Humans can only see within 180 degrees but with trout, that is much larger

so they can see things well in advance of when we can. Some conditions affect how well trout

can see, primarily the clarity of the water. However, keep in mind the eyesight of trout is quite

sharp. Their night vision is also quite keen so if you are fishing in the evening, be aware their

eyesight is much better than ours.

When fishing, wear clothing that blends into the environment and stay low so you do not stick

out as something foreign within their area. They can also see colors and shades so while you

should make sure to wear clothing to blend into the environment, the color of bait and lures is

equally important as they can attract the trout. The best colors to wear are in the green/blue

spectrum. Colors such as red, orange and yellow are the most visible colors to trout - avoid

them at all costs! Trout are also light sensitive. Just as bright sunlight may affect our ability to

see, it works the same with trout. One important note about trout is that they do not have

eyelids. When it's bright and sunny you and I would squint or put on sunglasses, a trout cannot!

That's another reason why they will look for shaded areas particularly during the middle of the

day.

Trout also have what is called the refractive window. This means that the trout, because of the

light refracting on the water, can see above it and a good distance into the surrounding

environment. This is why it is also important to stay low when approaching a fishing area.

Trout are able to see light and shadow and when you are standing straight up you are easy to

see. If a trout sees you or any other predator, they typical reaction is to stay still and blend into

the camouflage in the water.

However, as you draw closer, the trout may flee to avoid getting caught. If you are aware of

this, you can take steps to avoid alerting the fish to your presence, staying low and not

attracting light and shadow.

It's not just Trout and Salmon that fall for a fly, Grayling, Chub, Perch, Pike and Carp to name but a few have all been caught by this method.

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This 50lb-0oz Pike was taken on a fly.

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My First Brown Trout
Taken from Barlow Fishery Derbyshire

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My First Rainbow Trout
also from Barlow Fishery Derbyshire

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B.Rutland with the Current Record
Brown Trout taken from Loch awe
Weighing 31lb-12oz

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Former Rainbow Trout Record Holder

Tony Flower with Abigail Underhill

Holding the 30lb-12oz Rainbow

taken from Tavistock Fishery

Tippet Diameter Tippet Size Pound Test* Fly Size
.003 8x 1.2 24,26,28
.004 7x 2 20,22,24,26
.005 6x 3 16,18,20,22
.006 5x 4 14,16,18
.007 4x 5 12,14,16
.008 3x 6 10,12,14
.009 2x 7 6,8,10
.010 1x 8.5 2,4,6
.011 0x 10 1/0,2,4
.012 x1 12 2/0,1/0,2
.013 x2 14 3/0,2/0,1/0,2
.014 x3 16 5/0,4/0,3/0,2/0
.015 x4 18 6/0,5/0,4/0,3/0

 

A.F.T.M.
 
The Association of Fishing Tackle Manufacturers
 
The A.F.T.M. is used as a categorization of fishing lines

As in all forms of fishing a balanced outfit performs much better than an unbalanced outfit, and none more so than with fly fishing. Most rods, reels and line are marked with an A.F.T.M. # 4 -5 OR # 6 - 7 for example, so its easy to match your reel and line to your rod all you need to do is decide which taper of line you require, this mainly depends on where you intend to fish, for most a weight forward taper will cover most waters either floating or sinking.
 
WF = Weight Forward Taper
DT = Double Taper
ST = Shooting Taper
L = Level Taper

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A typical Chalk Stream shallow and fast flowing

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Useful Items

Line Floatant / Cleaners

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Gink Fly Dressing

Gehrkes Gink Dry Fly Dressing & Leader Floatant Worlds best dry fly floatant.


Rub small amount of Gherke's Gink into dry fly before getting it wet. Gink melts at skin temperature and will not cake small hackles like silicone does.

One dressing floats flies, leaders and monofilament lines for hours.

 

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Leeda Fly Floatant 

 

  • Dresses Dry Flies Instantly
  • Contains Hackle Stiffening
  • Makes Flies Float Longer


     

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    Mucilin

    Mainly used to clean line but can be used to dress a dry fly if no other floatant is available,

    A solid paste blend of SILICONE and MUCILIN make this the most efficient water-repellant substance known. Essential for your floating line.

    Many other waterproofing applications. Supplied complete with felt applicator.

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    A good pair of surgical forceps 6" curved are ideal

    Care must be paramount when unhooking fish

    be careful not too damage the Trouts teeth they are fragile

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    A decent set of Polorized glasses, firstly these cut out the glare
    so you can see through the water layers making fish spotting easier.
    Secondly they protect your eyes, you would not want a barbed hook in your eye.

     

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    A cap this also helps to keep out the glare

    and again protects your head I would rather have a hook in a cap

    than my head.

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    A decent landing net, I prefer the folding handle type

    these can be hung onto the rear of my fishing vest.

    Ideal when wading rivers etc.

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    Fly box there are several on the market,

    I would suggest one that takes both small and large flies.

    As shown

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    Marrow Spoon
     
    An invaluable tool for removing the contents of a trout's stomach to see what they've been eating.
    You're then able to match the hatch.


    This type of spoon incorprates a traditional wooden priest with a strong hardwood handle and a heavy brass head and base.
    Comes complete with a convenient lanyard.

     

     

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